Native American Scouts Enlistment Papers and more...

5fish

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Here a site about enlistment paper of Native Americans in the U S Army as scouts...


snip...

A year after the fighting ended in the Civil War, Native Americans began serving as enlisted Indian Scouts in the U.S. Army. There were several types of scouts: those who enlisted as Indian Scouts for brief terms and those hired as scouts by the U.S. Army. Sometimes an individual may have served at different times as a hired scout and an enlisted scout, but never at the same time. In addition to enlisted and hired scouts, some Native Americans served in Regular Army infantry and cavalry regiments in short–lived Indian companies in the 1890s.

snip...

The Army Reorganization Act of 1866 authorized the President "to enlist and employ in the Territories and Indian country a force of Indians not to exceed one thousand to act as scouts, who shall receive the pay and allowances of cavalry soldiers, and be discharged whenever the necessity for further employment is abated, at the discretion of the department commander." One of the most significant measures in the act was that Indians would receive the same pay as white cavalry soldiers.

snip... pension files too...

Pension files are an excellent source of information on Indian Scouts, not only about the scout, but also about his family and others with whom he may have served or who knew him or his wife. Indian Scouts and their widows became eligible for pensions with the passage of an act on March 4, 1917, relating to Indian wars from 1859 to 1891.

snip... Native American Scout earned Medals of Honor... @diane

Several Indian Scouts were awarded the Medal of Honor. The files relating to the recommendations for the Medal of Honor award or the action or campaign for which Indian Scouts were honored are found in the letters received by the Adjutant General’s Office, which have been reproduced on Microfilm Publications M666, Letters Received by the Office of the Adjutant General (Main Series), 1871–1880, and M689, Letters Received by the Office of the Adjutant General (Main Series), 1881–1889. For a list of Indian Scouts who were awarded the Medal of Honor, including the related file citations, see the sidebar accompanying this article.

Snip... There were all Indian companies in the regular army... @Leftyhunter

War Department General Order No. 28, issued March 9, 1891, authorized Native Americans to be enlisted in the Regular Army and serve in Indian Companies within Regular Army infantry and cavalry regiments. The order stipulated that Company I of Infantry Regiments (excluding the 24th and 25th) and Company L of Cavalry Regiments (excluding the 9th and 10th) would contain Indian soldiers. Each existing regiment of cavalry and infantry, except the Buffalo Soldiers (black regiments), would contain one Indian Regiment. A maximum of 55 Indians were authorized for each company or troop. This change was not well received by the Army, and although the general order authorized a maximum of 1,485 Indians for Regular Army service, the actual number of recruits only reached a little over half that number at 780. The Indian Company "experiment" proved to be a complete failure in the eyes of the Army, and the men of Company L of the Seventh Cavalry were the only Indian soldiers who served out their entire enlistments, serving until 1895.
 
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5fish

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@Leftyhunter so how does this work into your Segregated units notions. WE did have some Segregated Indian units in our army. I looked up 7th Cavalry company L nothing...
 

diane

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Good article on Indian scouts, 5fish!

My Catawba/Cherokee 3ggrandfather was a ranger with George Washington and was shot in the knee at Brandywine - in his 80s he applied for a pension and finally got it. Those papers are what got me into the DAR and was that ever a fight! Their sticking point was Natives weren't citizens but my contention was neither were your ancestors until the revolution succeeded! He was Briton George - his father had been a scout for Washington when he was a surveyor.

I've got a Medal of Honor recipient from the Korean War - a Cherokee cousin from North Carolina.

 

Leftyhunter

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@Leftyhunter so how does this work into your Segregated units notions. WE did have some Segregated Indian units in our army. I looked up 7th Cavalry company L nothing...
There were
@Leftyhunter so how does this work into your Segregated units notions. WE did have some Segregated Indian units in our army. I looked up 7th Cavalry company L nothing...
There are segregated US military Regiments raised in the Indian Territory during the ACW listed in Dyers Compendium. Basically the difference between the Spanish and American Indian units is the Spanish ones from what I gather were more independent and more of an ally vs the American ones were under the direct control of the US Army and led by US Army officers.
Leftyhunter
 
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