Latifundium, Hacienda and Plantation... and Slaves...

5fish

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Laitfundiums, Haciendas, and Southern Plantations are large estates or ranches and are powered by slaves or peonage systems. The Latifunidiums were large Roman estates, Haciendas were Latin American large estates and South Plantation was from the Southern United States. I argue these three systems for creating wealth from agriculture show slavery is profitable. In our man's history, three similar large estate systems developed all using the same formula for profitability... Stolen labor...


A latifundium (Latin: latus, "spacious" and fundus, "farm, estate")[1] is a very extensive parcel of privately owned land. The latifundia of Roman history were great landed estates specializing in agriculture destined for export: grain, olive oil, or wine. They were characteristic of Magna Graecia and Sicily, Egypt, Northwest Africa and Hispania Baetica. The latifundia were the closest approximation to industrialized agriculture in Antiquity, and their economics depended upon slavery.

During the modern colonial period, the European monarchies often rewarded services with extensive land grants in their empires. The forced recruitment of local labourers allowed by colonial law made these land grants particularly lucrative for their owners. These grants, fazendas (in Portuguese) or haciendas (in Spanish), were also borrowed as loanwords, Portuguese latifúndios and Spanish latifundios or simply fundos.



A hacienda (UK: /ˌhæsiˈɛndə/ or US: /ˌhɑːsiˈɛndə/; Spanish: [aˈθjenda] or [aˈsjenda]) is an estate (or finca), similar to a Roman latifundium, in Spain and the former Spanish Empire. With origins in Andalusia, haciendas were variously plantations (perhaps including animals or orchards), mines or factories, with many haciendas combining these activities. The word is derived from Spanish hacer (to make, from Latin facere) and haciendo (making), referring to productive business enterprises.

The term hacienda is imprecise, but usually refers to landed estates of significant size, while smaller holdings were termed estancias or ranchos. All colonial haciendas were owned almost exclusively by Spaniards and criollos, or rarely by mestizo individuals.[1] In Mexico, as of 1910, there were 8,245 haciendas in the country. In Argentina, the term estancia is used for large estates that in Mexico would be termed haciendas. In recent decades, the term has been used in the United States for an architectural style associated with the traditional estate manor houses.

The hacienda system of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, El Salvador, Mexico, New Granada, and Peru was an economic system of large land holdings. A similar system existed on a smaller scale in Puerto Rico and other territories. In Puerto Rico, haciendas were larger than estancias; ordinarily grew sugar cane, coffee, or cotton; and exported their crops abroad.



A plantation is an agricultural estate, generally centered on a plantation house, meant for farming that specializes in cash crops, usually mainly planted with a single crop, with perhaps ancillary areas for vegetables for eating and so on. The crops that are grown include cotton, cannabis, coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar cane, opium, sisal, oil seeds, oil palms, fruits, rubber trees and forest trees. Protectionist policies and natural comparative advantage have sometimes contributed to determining where plantations are located.

In modern use, the term usually refers only to large-scale estates. Nevertheless, before about 1800, it was the usual term for a farm of any size in the southern parts of British North America, with, as Noah Webster noted, "farm" becoming the usual term from about Maryland northward. It was used in most British colonies but very rarely in the United Kingdom itself in this sense. There, as also in America, it was used mainly for tree plantations, areas artificially planted with trees, whether purely for commercial forestry, or partly for ornamental effect in gardens and parks, when it might also cover plantings of garden shrubs.[1]

Among the earliest examples of plantations were the latifundia of the Roman Empire, which produced large quantities of grain, wine, and olive oil for export. Plantation agriculture proliferated with the increase in international trade and the development of a worldwide economy that followed the expansion of European colonialism.
 

5fish

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Here is a more detailed look at a Latifudium... Rome went from small farms to the Latifudium creating landless free people and swelling the cities...


Roman agriculture describes the farming practices of ancient Rome, during a period of over 1000 years. From humble beginnings, the Roman Republic (509 BCE to 27 BCE) and empire (27 BCE to 476 CE) expanded to rule much of Europe, northern Africa, and the Middle East and thus comprised many agricultural environments of which the Mediterranean climate of dry, hot summers and cool, rainy winter was the most common. Within the Mediterranean area, a triad of crops were most important: grains, olives, and grapes.

The great majority of the people ruled by Rome were engaged in agriculture. From a beginning of small, largely self-sufficient landowners, rural society became dominated by latifundium, large estates owned by the wealthy and utilizing mostly slave labor. The growth in the urban population, especially of the city of Rome, required the development of commercial markets and long-distance trade in agricultural products, especially grain, to supply the people in the cities with food.
 

5fish

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Look Isaac Asimov predicts plantations, haciendas, and latifundium will be wealth creators in space using robot slave labor in his book The Caves of Steel...


Isaac Asimov introduces Elijah Baley and R. Daneel Olivaw, later his favorite protagonists. They live roughly three millennia in Earth's future, a time when hyperspace travel has been discovered and a few worlds relatively close to Earth have been colonized – fifty planets known as the "Spacer worlds". The Spacer worlds are rich, have low population density (average population of one hundred million each), and use robot labor heavily. Meanwhile, Earth is overpopulated with eight billion people, three times that of Asimov's 1950s, with strict rules against robots. In The Caves of Steel and its sequels (the first of which is The Naked Sun), Asimov paints a grim situation of an Earth dealing with an extremely large population and of luxury-seeking Spacers, who limit birth to permit great wealth and privacy.
 

rittmeister

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Look Isaac Asimov predicts plantations, haciendas, and latifundium will be wealth creators in space using robot slave labor in his book The Caves of Steel...


Isaac Asimov introduces Elijah Baley and R. Daneel Olivaw, later his favorite protagonists. They live roughly three millennia in Earth's future, a time when hyperspace travel has been discovered and a few worlds relatively close to Earth have been colonized – fifty planets known as the "Spacer worlds". The Spacer worlds are rich, have low population density (average population of one hundred million each), and use robot labor heavily. Meanwhile, Earth is overpopulated with eight billion people, three times that of Asimov's 1950s, with strict rules against robots. In The Caves of Steel and its sequels (the first of which is The Naked Sun), Asimov paints a grim situation of an Earth dealing with an extremely large population and of luxury-seeking Spacers, who limit birth to permit great wealth and privacy.
why don't you try reading the book?
 

5fish

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why don't you try reading the book?
I did it to get a rise out of you but think none of those spacers are living in high-rise buildings in congested cities but in big houses with land even if inside domes. There would be no cities just small towns...
 

rittmeister

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I did it to get a rise out of you but think none of those spacers are living in high-rise buildings in congested cities but in big houses with land even if inside domes. There would be no cities just small towns...
they don't even live in the same houses as their spouses
 

5fish

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they don't even live in the same houses as their spouses
SEE robot slavery and Haciendas...

They live far from each other, spread out across a sparsely populated planet. People are taught from birth to avoid physical contact and live on huge estates, either alone or with their spouses only.
 

rittmeister

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SEE robot slavery and Haciendas...

They live far from each other, spread out across a sparsely populated planet. People are taught from birth to avoid physical contact and live on huge estates, either alone or with their spouses only.
read it - there are no roboit slaves

... there's also that small thing why asimov started writing about robots in the first place
 

5fish

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read it - there are no roboit slaves

... there's also that small thing why asimov started writing about robots in the first place
It is implied because someone has to take care of the Haciendas... or estates...
 

rittmeister

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It is implied because someone has to take care of the Haciendas... or estates...
asimov started to write about robots to get out of the white terran supremacy trap. as no american publisher was willing to buy stuff where aliens (who were in space for millenia) were better at it than predominantly white american male terrans. so he came up with robots (built at first on terra of course) who were better than us at certain stuff
 
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