April 22 In Civil War History

Jim Klag

Ike the moderator
Staff member
May 12, 2019
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On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

April 22 Birthdays

1818 - Cadwallader Colden Washburn, American Major General (Union Army), born in Livermore, Maine. (d. 1882)
1823 - Alfred Gibbs, American Major General (Union Army), born in Long Island, New York. (d. 1868)
1831 - Alexander McDowell McCook, American Major General (Union Army), born in Columbiana County, Ohio. (d. 1903)

Monday April 22 1861
  • The Governor of Arkansas, Henry M. Rector, refuses to furnish the quota of militia requested by President Abraham Lincoln.
  • Illinois state militia troops occupy Cairo, IL, at the junction of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers.
  • The US Arsenal at Fayetteville, NC, is seized by the North Carolina state troops.
Tuesday April 22 1862
  • The Confederate capture of Union launches belonging to the USS Arthur, in Arkansas Pass, TX.
  • Harrisonburg, VA, is occupied by Union forces.
  • The Federal occupation of, and skirmish near, Luray, VA, by Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA.
  • Maj. Gen. William Buel Franklin's, USA, Division arrives at Yorktown, VA.
Wednesday April 22 1863
  • William Henry Chase Whiting, CSA, is appointed Maj. Gen.
  • Henry DeLamar Clayton, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
  • Action at Rock Cut, near Tuscumbia, AL, with Brig. Gen. Grenville Dodge, USA, being defeated by Confederate forces.
  • Skirmish on the Bayou Boeuf Road, near Washington, LA.
  • The passage of the Vicksburg and Warrenton, MS, batteries by Union transports, after which President Jefferson Davis, CSA, suggests that Lieut. Gen. John Clifford Pemberton, CSA, send fire rafts down the Mississippi River, from Vicksburg, to obstruct the Union advance.
  • Skirmish at Fredericktown, MO, with Brig. Gen. John S. Marmaduke, CSA.
  • Skirmish at Hartsville, TN.
  • Operations in the Shenandoah Valley, VA. (Apr 22-May 16)
  • Skirmish at Fisher's Hill, near Strasburg, VA, with a Confederate defeat by Union Majors McGee and White, USA.
  • Federal expedition from Belle Plain to Port Conway and Port Royal, VA, with the capture of a wagon train and some mail. (Apr 22-24)
  • Skirmish at Point Pleasant, WV.
Friday April 22 1864
  • Maj. Gen. Joseph Gilbert Totten, USA, dies at Washington, DC, from pneumonia.
  • Richard Delafield, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
  • Federal expedition from Jacksonport to Augusta, AR, and skirmish near Jacksonport. (Apr 22-24)
  • Affair 18 miles above Cotton Plant, AR.
  • Skirmishes at and near Cloutierville, LA, as Brig. Gen. Hamilton Bee, CSA, contests the Union withrawal under Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA. (Apr 22-24)
  • Attack on the Union transports in the Red River, near Tunica Bend, LA, the Red River (LA) Campaign.
  • Skirmish on the Duck River, TN.
  • By an act of Congress, the first US coins are minted with the motto, "In God We Trust."
Saturday April 22 1865
  • Union troops, under Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson, USA, occupy Talladega, AL.
  • Federal scout from Deer Creek to Sage Creek, the Dakota Territory, and skirmish with Indians (Apr 22) on the Sage Creek with encounter with Cheyenne and Sioux Indians. The Indians, attacking at night, are driven off; losses can't be determined as the Indians carry off all dead and wounded. (Apr 22-23)
  • Skirmish at Buzzard Roost, GA, with Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson, USA, and his Union cavalry.
  • Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA, resumes the command of the Dept. of the Gulf, LA.
  • Skirmish with guerrillas near the mouth of the Big Gravois, MO, near the Osage.
  • Skirmish near Linn Creek, MO, where the Yankees kill several guerrillas.
  • Federal scout against Indians from Dakota City, the Nebraska Territory, to Middle Bow River. (Apr 22-27)
  • Skirmish at Howard's Gap, Blue Ridge Mountains, NC, with Maj. Gen. George Stoneman, USA.
  • Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck, USA, assumes the command of the Military Division of the James, VA.
  • 1866 - Cholera epidemic begins in New York when an infected passenger arrives in New York.
April 22 Deaths

1908 - Ellison Capers, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 70 in Columbia, SC.