February 22 In Civil War History

Jim Klag

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On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

February 22 Birthdays

1827 - James Barnet Fry, American historian and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Carrollton, Illinois (d. 1894)

February 22 Antebellum Events

1847 - February 23, 1847 - Battle of Buena Vista (Mexican-American War).
1856 - The first "national" meeting of the Republican Party is held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
1856 - The American National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Millard Fillmore for President.

Friday February 22 1861
  • President-elect Abraham Lincoln delivers his speech at Philadelphia, and Harrisburg, PA, and due to death threats, leaves for Washington, DC, incognito, under the protection of the well known detective, Allen Pinkerton.
Saturday February 22 1862
  • Brig. Gen. Lewis Golding Arnold, USA, supersedes Col. Harvey Brown, US Artillery, in the command of the Dept. of Florida.
  • Skirmish at Independence, MO.
  • Engagement in Arkansas Bay, TX, with Capt. Benjamin F. Neal, CSA.
  • Federal expedition to Vienna and Flint Hill, VA, by Col. Max Friedman, 5th PA Cavalry.
  • President Jefferson Davis is inaugurated in Richmond, VA.
Sunday February 22 1863
  • Federal Cavalry attack on Tuscumbia, AL, and the rear of Maj. Gen. Earl Van Corn's Confederate column, capturing supplies.
  • Skirmish on the Manchester Pike, TN, between pickets of Gen. Braxton Bragg, CSA, and Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans, USA.
Monday February 22 1864
  • Skirmish at Luna Landing, AR.
  • Demonstration on Dalton, GA, as Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, USA, Army of the Cumberland makes reconnaissance on Lieut. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's, CSA, Army of Tennessee, in winter quarters. (Feb 22-27)
  • Skirmish at Whitemarsh Island, GA, as the Confederates attempt to defend against the Federals landing a sizeable force here.
  • Confederate raid on Mayfield, KY, robbing 3 stores, inflicting casualties, and burning everything else they didn't want.
  • Skirmish at Ivey's Hill, or Farm, near Okolona, MS.
  • Engagement near Okolona, MS, with Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA, Cavalry routing the Union forces under Brig. Gen. William S. Smith, USA, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
  • Skirmish on the Tallahatchie River, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
  • Skirmish at Lexington, MO.
  • Federal operations about Warrensburg, MO, with guerrillas. (Feb 22-24)
  • Skirmish on Calfkiller Creek, TN, where the Confederates inflict severe casualties on the Federals, part of Col. John M. Hughs, CSA, Confederate operations in Middle Tennessee.
  • Affair near indianola, TX, where Confederate cavalry surround and capture 25 mounted Federal infantrymen.
  • Skirmishes at Gibson's and Wyerman's Mills, on indian Creek, VA, and Powell's Bridge, TN, as Brig. Gen. Theophilus T. Garrad, USA, commanding the District of the Clinch encounters Brig. Gen. William E. "Grumble" Jones', CSA, Cavalry.
  • Secretary of the Treasury, Salmon P. Chase offers to resign in light of the "Pomeroy Circular" whereby Sen. Samuel C. Pomeroy of Kansas, advocates Chase running for the Presidency; Chase claims the notice is without Chase's approval.
Wednesday February 22 1865
  • Federal scout from Pine Bluff to Bayou Meto, AR, and skirmishes at Mrs. Voche's (Feb 23) and Bayou Meto (Feb 24). (Feb 22-24)
  • Federal expedition under Brig. Gen. Alexander Asboth, USA, commanding the District of West Florida, from Barrancas, aboard the steamer, Matamoras, to Milton, FL, and skirmishes. The Yankees capture prisoners and supplies. (Feb 22-25)
  • Brig. Gen. John McNeil, USA, is assigned to the command of the District of Central Missouri.
  • Maj. Gen. Andrew J. Smith, USA, assumes the command of the 16th US Army Corps, MO.
  • Skirmish at Northeast Ferry, NC.
  • Skirmish at Smith's Creek, NC.
  • The Union forces occupy Wilmington, NC, the last major Confederate seaport as Gen. Braxton Bragg, CSA, evacuated the city the night before.
  • Skirmish near Camden, SC, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, continues Marching northward.
  • Skirmish near Wateree River, SC.
  • Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, CSA, is assigned by Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA, to the command of the Army of Tennessee, and all the troops in the Confederate Dept. of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
  • Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA, laid optional plans to retreat to Burkeville, VA, and unite with the Confederate forces in North Carolina if he was forced to leave his defensive position around Petersburg and Richmond, VA. RR.
  • Voters approve a new constitution, including the abolition of slavery, in Tennessee.
 
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